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Residences of Historic Figures

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Post date:2014-12-18

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Residences of Historic Figures
Travel days
1-Day Tour

Introduction

Residences of Historic Figures
Former Official Residence of Chiang Kai-shek and Madam Chiang in Shilin 

The former official residence of Chiang Kai-shek and Madam Chiang   maintains a quiet and attractive garden.  The garden is full of plums,   chrysanthemums and roses favored by the Chiang couple.  Flowers bloom   according to season and make for a stunning view throughout much of the   year.

Residences of Historic Figures
Grass Mountain Chateau 
  The Grass Mountain is not a mountain, but a valley encircled by three mountains (Datun, Qixing and Shamao mountains). When China's Nationalist Government relocated to Taiwan in 1949, the then-President Chiang Kai-shek moved into the quiet Grass Mountain Chateau, previously a guest house of Taiwan Sugar Company. Perched strategically on the mountaintop, the chateau commands a view of such natural phenomena as the Guandu Plain, Shezidao and Mt. Guanyin. Grass Mountain was renamed as Yangmingshan in 1950 in memory of the great philosopher Wang Yang-ming.
Residences of Historic Figures
Former Residence of Liang Shi-Qiu 
The Former Residence of Liang Shi-Qiu on Yunhe Street in Taipei City is a   one-story, 81-ping (i.e., 267m2), classic wooden structure. After its   inauguration in 1933 as the dormitory for Category-3 high-ranking   officials in the Japanese colonial period, the house was taken over in   1951 by the National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU) to accommodate the   teaching staff of the school’s Department of Economic Management.

Residences of Historic Figures
The Ch'ien Mu House 
The Sushu Building is a former residence of   Mr. Ch’ien Mu, a prominent figure in contemporary Chinese literature. In   1967, Mr. Ch’ien built this house in Waishuangxi and named it after the   Wuxi (China) family estate where his mother lived. At the Ch’ien Mu   House, every detail of the garden, such as the footpath lined with maple   trees and rows of bamboo, is a result of years of tireless   horticultural efforts by Mrs. Ch’ien.

Residences of Historic Figures
Ma Ting-Ying Residence 
Ma Ting-Ying Residence is also known as Qiantian Seven-Six, being   located at No. 6, Lane 7, Qingtian Street, in a neighborhood known for   Taipei City’s largest concentration of historic Japanese-style housing,   or ying-zhai.

Residences of Historic Figures
Hu Shih Memorial Hall 
This hall was established in memory of Dr. Hu Shih, an early advocate of   liberalism and an academic known for his "boldness in hypothesis and   care in corroboration." A former ambassador to the United States and   head of Peking University in China, Dr. Hu returned to Taiwan to serve   as president of Academia Sinica. The Hu Shih Memorial Hall was   established on December 10, 1962, in the same year that Dr. Hu passed   away. It is located at the Nangang residence where Dr. Hu lived during   his tenure at Academia Sinica.

Residences of Historic Figures
Marshal Zen Garden 
Marshal Zen Garden, nestled in the shaded foothills of the Beitou area,   was completed halfway through the Japanese colonial period as the Xin   Gao Hotel, a complex of two structures with gray roofing and wooden   walls where socialites indulged in lavish banquets and hot spring baths.   During World War II, the hotel was converted into a reception hall for   Japanese Kamikaze pilots before their suicide operations. In the 1960s,   after Taiwan was returned to the rule of the nationalist government,   General Zhang Xueliang was placed under house arrest along with his wife   at the site by then-president Chiang Kai-shek for organizing the Xi’an   Incident, in which Zhang emphasized his belief that fighting against the   Japanese invasion should be a top priority.

Residences of Historic Figures
Plum Garden
This was once the summer getaway home for famed Chinese calligrapher Yu   You-ren. Built around 1930s, the spacious courtyard is richly   tree-shaded, and the Japanese-style wooden structure is in perfect   condition. This cite is an official city landmark building and there is a   visitor information center on-site.

Expert Tips for History Enthusiasts

Residences of Historic Figures
'Showa Town & Qingtian Street' by Aquarius 
In the post-1925 Showa period, Qingtian Street was designated by the Japanese colonialists as part of Showa Town (or "Showa Cho"). When the Taihoku Imperial University, or present-day NTU, was hastily founded in 1928, faculty staffers seeking to build their houses on Qingtian Street were forced to take out bank mortgages rather than ask for the help of the Great Depression-stricken Taiwan Governor-General Office, which unexpectedly added architectural diversity to the Japanese-style neighborhood. Take a walk in the street's Lanes 7, 9 and 11 and you'll be surprised how each wooden house has a distinctive personality! 

Professors living in this neighborhood after World War II, mostly working for present-day NTU or National Taiwan Normal University, included historian Shen Gang-bo, calligrapher Yu You-ren, oracle bone script expert Dong Zuo-bin, internationally-renowned geologist Ma Ting-ying, and Xu Shou-shang, who headed NTU's Department of Chinese Literature. They were later joined by ethnically Taiwanese but Japan-trained NTU professors such as Yang Jin-shun and Liu Rong-biao (from the Department of Electrical Engineering and Veterinary Medicine, respectively); plus the Taiwanese and Hakka people living in the community, and some professors' Japanese wives or Japanese professors not repatriated after the war. One cannot help but wonder which language these people spoke when trying to borrow kitchen supplies from each other on this multilingual Qingtian Street. Fujian dialect or Japanese?

A Tour of Historic Figures' Residences

09:00-10:00 Former Official Residence of Chiang Kai-shek and Madam Chiang in Shilin
 
  The former official residence of Chiang Kai-shek and Madam Chiang maintains a quiet and attractive garden. The garden is full of plums, chrysanthemums and roses favored by the Chiang couple. Flowers bloom according to season and make for a stunning view throughout much of the year. 

Residences of Historic Figures
10:30-11:30 The Lin Yutang House 
  Lin Yutang was born in 1895 and achieved fame for his English-language articles. He determined both the location and design for this house, which was completed in 1966 as an East-meets-West project or, more precisely, a Chinese four-walled courtyard structure with a Spanish twist. Other than a comprehensive collection of Lin's manuscripts and books (plus a well-preserved English typewriter), there is also a restaurant on the residence premises that serves his favorite southern Fujian delicacies, such as Xiamen Fish Fillets and Tong'an Pork Knuckles. 

Residences of Historic Figures
12:00-13:00 Yangming shuwu
Previously known as the Zhongxing Guesthouse, the construction of   Yangmingshuwu was completed between 1969 and 1970 to serve as a place   where the late President Chiang Kai-shek received guests from around the   world and spent his summer vacations.
Residences of Historic Figures
13:30-15:00 Marshal Zen Garden 
Marshal Zen Garden, nestled in the shaded foothills of the Beitou area,   was completed halfway through the Japanese colonial period as the Xin   Gao Hotel, a complex of two structures with gray roofing and wooden   walls where socialites indulged in lavish banquets and hot spring baths.   During World War II, the hotel was converted into a reception hall for   Japanese Kamikaze pilots before their suicide operations. In the 1960s,   after Taiwan was returned to the rule of the nationalist government,   General Zhang Xueliang was placed under house arrest along with his wife   at the site by then-president Chiang Kai-shek for organizing the Xi’an   Incident, in which Zhang emphasized his belief that fighting against the   Japanese invasion should be a top priority.
Residences of Historic Figures
15:30-16:30 Plum Garden 
This was once the summer getaway home for famed Chinese calligrapher Yu You-ren. Built around 1930s, the spacious courtyard is richly tree-shaded, and the Japanese-style wooden structure is in perfect condition. This cite is an official city landmark building and there is a visitor information center on-site. 

17:00-19:00 Tianmu Marketplace 
The intriguingly exotic streets, architecture, pedestrians, stores and signage across Tianmu, which is centered on the intersection of Zhongshan N., Tianmu E. and W. Roads while stretching southward from Tianmu E. Road to Zhongcheng Road, are attributed to the long-removed U.S. military presence, as much as the current American and Japanese Schools. Tianmu offers various shopping experiences, ranging from unique stores in the alleys to department stores, namely Dayeh Takashimaya, Eslite, Shin Kong Mitsukoshi and SOGO.

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