Spanish and Dutch Rule
Missionaries were sent to Taiwan in early period of the Spanish rule over Northern Taiwan. Father Jacinto Esquivel completed the Tamsui Vernacular Dictionary and Tamsui Christian Doctrine Manual and devoted himself to missionary work in aboriginal villages. After the Spanish rule came the Dutch who also widely advocate Christianity.
Zheng and Qing Rule
During Zheng and Qing rule over Taiwan, while there were aboriginal religion, Catholic and Christian development, the most dominant religion was Buddhism or Daoism that adhered to Confucianism. Immigrants to Central and Southern Taiwan built temples to worship deities that came along with them from their hometown, like King of Qingshan of Qingshan Gong in Mengjia, Fazhu Master of the Fazhugong Temple in Taipei, Qingshui Master of the Qingshui Zushi Temple in Mengjia, etc. The prestigious Dr. Mackay arrived in Taiwan in this period of time as well to devote in missionary works in the mountains. The furthest he had been was to Ilan and Hualien with effort to provide medical services and education. He also established Oxford College.
During Japanese rule, a swarm of immigrants emerged in Taipei city from all over Taiwan, creating vigorous diversity in religious beliefs. After the 50s, as many moved from central and southern Taiwan to Taipei, the number of temples in Taipei soared to the top among all cities in Taiwan. Regarded as the cluster of religions in Taiwan, there are 107 registered Buddhist temples and 154 registered Daoist temples in Taipei. Additionally, Taipei is also home to the largest Christian and Muslim religious population. There are the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan, Bread of Life Christian Church in Taipei and the Taipei Grand Mosque. Each distinctive religion contributes to the cultural diversity in Taipei which is truly impactful to all citizens.
Culture and Art
Taipei City is a cultural melting pot of diverse ethnicity locally and overseas. There is the Sung Ye Museum of Formosa Aborigines which tells of aboriginal culture, Eslite Bookstore, NTU Azalea Festival in spring and Songshan Cultural Park which was transformed from an outdated factory into a creative park. All of the above are examples of how cultural diversity stimulates Taipei to continuously morph and reappear with new features.
Taipei is the capital of Asian pop music, and it is also the hub of mandarin pop music, cultural innovation as well as the entertainment industry. A democratic society that encourages diversity and open-mindedness is one of Taipei’s strongest advantage in fostering vibrant cultural development. Hundreds of arts and cultural events and recreational activities take place in Taipei annually. Taipei also boasts the highest density of arts and cultural venues and exhibition halls in Taiwan. In addition to the frequent concerts of international music artists, local showcases are widely received as well. Style of the performances varies, including moralizing, experimental, eerie, joyous, musical and so on. There is also a variety of themes like politics, religion, culture, society and many others.
2019 Dragon Boat Festival: Family Fun and Excitement at Taipei’s Riverside9966
2018 Yangmingshan Flower Festival: Celebrating 4 Decades of Flower Aesthetics6612
Dazzling Light Spectacle at the 2019 Taipei Luminarie3551
2019 Taipei Lantern Festival Centerpiece “Sparkling Precious Piggy” Shines in Sound and Light Show2875
2017 Taipei Riverside Festival: Sounds from the River2856