The monopoly system of Taiwan started during the Japanese colonial era. In 1901, Taiwan Governor’s Office consolidated the Taiwan Pharmaceutical Factory, Taiwan Salt Bureau and Taiwan Camphor Bureau into the “Monopoly Bureau of the Taiwan Governor’s Office”, marking an important beginning of the monopoly system. Before the Retrocession of Taiwan, the eight commodities included in the monopoly system were: tobacco, liquor, opium, salt, camphor, matches, petroleum and measuring instruments. The building was constructed in 1913 to cater to the voluminous workload of the monopoly system. It was designed by an engineer of the Construction and Maintenance Division of the Taiwan Governor Office, Matsunosuke Moriyama (1870 -1949) and was completed in 1922. The architectural style is similar to that of the Presidential Office, and it became the model structure that was copied after by other elites architectural projects at that time. The building features an L-shaped floor layout and there is a semi-circular gable at the facade. The foyer has a spherical roof top and the façade; both the right and left wings feature a column-style design, giving the exterior of the building a rich and grandiose look.
After the Retrocession of Taiwan, the Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office, in an effort to maintain its financial resources and minimize the taxpayers’ burden, decided to continue the monopoly system. The organization was restructured as “the Taiwan Province Monopoly Bureau”, with the number of monopolized items down to five: tobacco, liquor, camphor, matches and measuring instruments. By 1968, the two items that remained in the monopoly system were tobacco and liquor.
- Historic Sites
- Campus teaching
- Suggested Months for Visiting
- All year
- Phone Number
- No.4, Section 1, Nanchang Road, Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City Taiwan, R.O.C
In recent years, in response to internationalization and liberalization, the Government abolished the monopoly system on January 1st, 2002, and restructured the bureau into “Taiwan Tobacco & Liquor Corporation” on July 1st, 2002. This building, which has witnessed the history of Taiwan’s monopoly system, was designated as a historical site by the Ministry of the Interior in 1998.
Services & Facilities
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Magnificent building has controversial pastThe former State Tobacco Monopoly Administration building dates from the Japanese colonial era (1895-1945). It is a classic Japanese building, a mixture of Japanese construction and classic European style. It is certainly a grand building, one of the most impressive in the Zhongzheng district. . The Tobacco Monopoly was crucial to the finances of the Japanese colonial administration and the Kuomintang government, as both relied heavily on the Tobacco Monopoly to finance public spending. It was not popular. In fact, a dispute over the tobacco tax led to the 2-28 confrontation in 1947 between the KMT government and the native Taiwanese, which poisoned relations between the KMT and the Taiwanese for many years. Those with memories going back 40 years or so will remember "Long Life" cigarettes, which were produced by the Tobacco Monopoly, and smoked by almost every man in Taiwan.
Ни убавить, ни прибавитьНаследство колониальной зависимости. Шикарное культурное архитектурное наследство. Нужно понимать, что Тайвань японцы включили в состав империи. Навсегда, как её неотъемлемую часть, так они тогда думали. И строили тоже навсегда. Кирпичное красное здание просто шикарно по архитектуре и соразмерности. В русском языке говорят ни убавить, ни прибавить.
Prefectura de Saitama , Japón
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