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Tobacco and Liquor Monopoly Bureau 菸酒專賣局

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Introduction

The monopoly system of Taiwan started during the Japanese colonial era. In 1901, Taiwan Governor’s Office consolidated the Taiwan Pharmaceutical Factory, Taiwan Salt Bureau and Taiwan Camphor Bureau into the “Monopoly Bureau of the Taiwan Governor’s Office”, marking an important beginning of the monopoly system. Before the Retrocession of Taiwan, the eight commodities included in the monopoly system were: tobacco, liquor, opium, salt, camphor, matches, petroleum and measuring instruments. The building was constructed in 1913 to cater to the voluminous workload of the monopoly system. It was designed by an engineer of the Construction and Maintenance Division of the Taiwan Governor Office, Matsunosuke Moriyama (1870 -1949) and was completed in 1922. The architectural style is similar to that of the Presidential Office, and it became the model structure that was copied after by other elites architectural projects at that time. The building features an L-shaped floor layout and there is a semi-circular gable at the facade. The foyer has a spherical roof top and the façade; both the right and left wings feature a column-style design, giving the exterior of the building a rich and grandiose look.

After the Retrocession of Taiwan, the Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office, in an effort to maintain its financial resources and minimize the taxpayers’ burden, decided to continue the monopoly system. The organization was restructured as “the Taiwan Province Monopoly Bureau”, with the number of monopolized items down to five: tobacco, liquor, camphor, matches and measuring instruments. By 1968, the two items that remained in the monopoly system were tobacco and liquor.

Information

Themes
Historic Sites
Subject
Campus teaching
Suggested Months for Visiting
All year
Phone Number
+886-2-23214567
Address
No.4, Section 1, Nanchang Road, Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City Taiwan, R.O.C

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Opening Hours

The interior of the building is not open to the public

Reminders

The Tobacco and Liquor Monopoly Bureau was an organization responsible for the production, transportation and marketing of tobacco and liquor to meet the public demand. It also implemented the Tobacco and Liquor Monopoly Act to govern the organization, the tobacco and liquor distribution units as well as the approved retailers throughout Taiwan. The Bureau performed very well in product marketing and sales through the years, and the profit brought into the treasury became an important tax revenue source for the country.

In recent years, in response to internationalization and liberalization, the Government abolished the monopoly system on January 1st, 2002, and restructured the bureau into “Taiwan Tobacco & Liquor Corporation” on July 1st, 2002. This building, which has witnessed the history of Taiwan’s monopoly system, was designated as a historical site by the Ministry of the Interior in 1998.

Services & Facilities

  • Toilets

Transportaiton

Nearby MRT

R Tamsui-Xinyi Line Chiang Kai-Shek Memorial Hall

G Songshan-Xindian Line Xiaonanmen

R Tamsui-Xinyi Line NTU Hospital

Review

TripAdvisor Reviews

4 9 Reviews Write a Review

Traveler rating

  1. 0 Terrible
  2. 0 Poor
  3. 3 Average
  4. 3 Very good
  5. 3 Excellent

Traveler type

  1. 1 Families
  2. 0 Couples
  3. 7 Solo
  4. 0 Business
  5. 0 Friends
  • klaster612

    Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Rusia

    Ни убавить, ни прибавить

    2019-03

    Наследство колониальной зависимости. Шикарное культурное архитектурное наследство. Нужно понимать, что Тайвань японцы включили в состав империи. Навсегда, как её неотъемлемую часть, так они тогда думали. И строили тоже навсегда. Кирпичное красное здание просто шикарно по архитектуре и соразмерности. В русском языке говорят ни убавить, ни прибавить.
  • shirojiro

    Prefectura de Saitama , Japón

    Traveler type:

    En solitario

    元台湾総督府専売局、歴史博物館として整備が待たれる国指定文化財です

    2019-06

    中正紀念堂駅から徒歩5分ほどのところにある、台湾総督府専売局の庁舎として1922年に完成した重厚な煉瓦造りの建物です。戦後は中華民国政府に引き継がれ、公売局となりさらに現在は民営化した台湾菸酒股份有限公司の建物となっています。現在は中に入ることは出来ません。日本時代からの歴史建築物のひとつとして産業博物館として整備される予定になっています。
  • 820takuyas

    Kawaguchi, Japón

    Traveler type:

    En solitario

    レトロ建築

    2018-03

    植民地時代の専売局。JTならぬTT?竣工は1922年、設計は森山松之助の名建築です。 今は使われていないみたいだけど、台湾のことだからリノベして素敵なレストランとか博物館になるんでしょうね。楽しみにしています。
  • cu0418

    Taipéi, Taiwán

    Traveler type:

    En familia

    漂亮的建築

    2017-07

    日本時代的建築物真的都非常漂亮,旁邊現在有一個小小的公賣局專賣店,可以買到一些特別的東西,不過進去是沒有坡道的,希望可以改進
  • hide2004

    Sapporo, Japón

    Traveler type:

    En solitario

    レンガ造りの豪華な建物

    2017-04

    2017年4月に行きました。 レンガ造りの立派な建物で外観だけですが豪華な感じが分かります。 場所は南門(麗正門)の南側にあります。警備員が立っているので近寄りがたい雰囲気でしたが、道の反対側から写真を撮りました。

1-9 Reviews

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This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of Taipei City Govermnent and TripAdvisor LLC.

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